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Terms of use

Welcome to the online version Juridica International!

The Terms of use are applicable to all visitors to any Sihtasutus Iuridicum owned website, including but not limited to the following site (hereinafter Website):

- that includes full collection of Juridica International English language articles

- The Website listed above is owned and operated by Sihtasutus Iuridicum, with a head office at Näituse 20 Tartu 50409 Tartu Estonia (hereinafter Iuridicum).


In order for you to gain access to the resources of Juridica International, we have to set out some ground rules for using the Website

When you visit our Website, you are agreeing to Terms of use, so please review the Terms of use below. If you do not agree with these Terms of use, please do not use this Website.

We reserve the right to change, modify, add and remove portions of these Terms of use at any time and without prior notice. By accessing or using this Website after any change in the Terms of use is posted, you agree to be bound by the changes.


Visitors can use Website in a limited extent without any payment

Visitors have free of charge access to different resources, including but not limited to full text articles of Juridica International, English language law review.


Website uses cookies

We may store information about you using cookies (small pieces of information that are stored by Visitor’s browser on computer’s or other device’s hard drive) which we can access when you visit Website in future. We use cookies on this site to provide Visitors with an informative and engaging experience and also to help us to continually improve Website.

Most web browsers automatically accept cookies, but you can change your browser settings to prevent that. Cookies can be deleted from your hard drive if you wish. Information on deleting or controlling cookies is available here.

Limitation of Liabilities

Iuridicum cannot be held responsible

Although all care is taken to ensure the availability, quality and integrity of this service and the information herein, Iuridicum cannot provide any guarantee that this service and/or the information contained are complete or accurate.

Iuridicum shall not be liable for any loss or damage arising from or in relation to the use of Website or information contained therein, inaccuracy or error, regardless of the cause, or to the temporary impossibility of access.

The Website may contain hyperlinks or other references to other sites or resources. Iuriducum assumes no responsibility for any material or resource of a third party that may be accessed through any such links or references.

Intellectual Property

Visitor has an obligation to respect intellectual property rights and follow the rules of free use

All content in this site, including, but not limited to, the layout, design, images, brand names and other information, is protected by copyright and other intellectual property laws.

The articles are provided under Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 license

All articles are provided under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-NoDerivs 3.0 licence.

Commercial use must be agreed with Iuridicum

You are free to reproduce, print, download, distribute, publicly perform and share and incorporate the articles in collections, in all media and formats whether now known or hereafter devised, provided you:

- give credit to Iuridicum by clearly stating the author’s name, name of the work and details of publication with the obligatory reference to URL of the article;

- do not use the article(s) for commercial purposes;

- if you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.

You are free to use the content of the Website through RSS-feed made available by Iuridicum.

Any commercial use of the work (e.g. mirroring; (non-) systematic retrieval of content from the Website; compilation of collection, database or directory; reproduction or transmission in any form or by any means or use for advertising or promotional purposes; distribution; creating new collective works, or resale) requires permission from Iuridicum.

Iuridicum shall not unreasonably withhold such permission.

To protect intellectual property of Iuridicum as well the privacy of Visitors, it is prohibited to use of robots, spiders, crawlers or other automated downloading programs or devices for any purpose, including but not limited to harvesting articles, another’s postal or e-mail address from the Site.

Governing Law and Dispute Resolution

In the unlikely event we end up in a legal dispute, it will be resolved in Estonian courts, applying Estonian law.

These Terms of use are governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Estonia.

Disputes shall be solved with negotiations between the Visitor and Iuridicum. If the Parties are unable to reach an agreement in negotiations, any action that may arise under or in relation to the subject matter hereof shall be resolved in Tartu County Court.