Torgans, Kalvis


Articles in Juridica International


  • Professor, University of Latvia

Personal data

  • Born: March 31, 1939, Valka, Latvia
  • E-mail: torgans@lanet.lv


  • Upgrading: Indianapolis, the USA 1991; Louvain-le-Neuve, Belgium, 1994; East-West Forum, Florence, Italy, 1994
  • Dr. hab. iur. (Habilitated Doctor of Law), University of Latvia, 1992
  • Doctor of Law, Moscow State University, Russia, 1985
  • Candidate of Law, University of Tartu, Estonia, 1970
  • Latvia State University, Faculty of Economics and Law, 1962 (cum laude)


  • Visiting professor at Northwestern School of Law, Portland, USA, 1999
  • Consultant of Parliament (Latvia Saeima) Law Commission 1991–1993
  • Head of the Department of Civil Law and professor, University of Latvia,1998–current
  • Dean of the Faculty of Law and professor, University of Latvia 1997–1998
  • Head of the Department of Civil Law and professor, University of Latvia, 1991–1997
  • Professor of the Department of Civil Law, Latvia State University, 1985–1991
  • Associate professor, Senior Researcher, Latvia State University, 1979–1985
  • Dean of the Faculty of Law and Associate professor, Latvia State University, 1976–1979
  • Assistant, Senior Lecturer, Associate professor, Faculty of Law, Latvia State University 1962–1976

Main areas of research

  • Civil law (Contracts, Law of Tort)
  • Entrepreneurship

Professional activity and membership

  • Latvian Council of Science Expert Committee for Economics and Jurisprudence, 1993–1996, 1999–current
  • Full Member of Latvian Academy of Sciences, November 1997
  • Corresponding Member of Latvian Academy of Sciences 1992–1997
  • Corresponding Member of Latvian Academy of Sciences 1992–1997
  • Vice-president of Lawyers Association of Latvia
  • Sworn Attorney at the attorneys bureau Lejins, Torgans & Vonsovitch
  • Honorary Member of the International Biographical Centre Advisory Council, Cambridge, England, 1995
  • Head of the Promotion Academic Council on Law, University of Latvia
  • Participation at more than 55 draft laws and regulations of Cabinet of Ministers, 1990–2001
  • Head of project, Comparative research of Latvia’s and foreign law on contracts and liability,1991–1993
  • Head of Project, Comparative research of Latvia’s and foreign law on commercial activities, transportation and building construction, 1994–1996
  • Head of Project, Guaranties of fulfillment of contractual obligations under Civil law and Civil procedure law, 1997–1999
  • Head of Project, The New Commercial Law Act and its Implementation, 2000–2002


  • Gold Record of Achievement, American Biographical Institute, 1995
  • Senator’s A. Loebers’s Award, the Lawyers Association of Latvia, 1994
  • Man of Achievement 1994, International Biographical Centre, Cambridge, England


  • 165 in Latvian, Russian, English, main: 19 books, co-author of 8 books, main:
  • Commentaries of the Contract and Tort Law in Civil Law. Riga, 1993, 1994, 1998
  • Commercial Rights in the Baltic States. In: The Baltic States at Historical Crossroads, 1998, Riga, pp. 294–307
  • Development of Penalty in Civil Law. Acta Universitatis Latviensis (Riga), 1999, No 621, pp. 64–82
  • Commentaries of Civil Procedure Law Act (co-author), 1999
  • Commentaries of the Civil Law. Obligations (art. 1401–2400). Riga, 2000. (co-author)
  • Regulation of the Payment Systems, Riga, 2001, 28 p.
  • Contract law and court practice in Latvia. 2-nd World Latvian Scientists Congress. Summaries. Riga, August 14–15, p. 220 (in Latvian)